Who Was The Creator of The First 20 Rules of Baseball?


The origin of baseball includes games such as rounder or “round” and “cricket”. Modern baseball was “invented” or “regulated” by a group of young professionals of the business in New York City who were called the “Knickerbockers”.

In 1845, a committee of 4 men was appointed to write a constitution and regulations that included the rules of the game as played by the Knickerbockers. Dr. Daniel l. Adams was the President of the team and of the Committee, and Alexander j. Cartwright was the secretary. Since that time (20 original) rules were written by Cartwright, but given by Adams. Many mistakenly assume that Cartwright was the author of the “Knickerbockers” rules, but the creator of them was Dr. Daniel L. Adams.

However, we should highlight that Cartwright was a surveyor, he was a specialist in measuring the Earth. In fact, he was asked to diagram the first pitch to play according to the rules at the time.  As the years passed, Cartartwright left New York City, but Dr. Adams continued to be a driving force in the constant development of modern baseball. He also served for a long time as president of the Knicks and later as Chairman of the Rules Committee of the National Association of Baseball Players.

In 1857, Dr. Adams introduced the game 9 innings, 9 men crew, the shortstop position, the box from base to base of 90 feet and 45 feet from the mound rubber. At that time a Slugger was “out” If the ball was caught after the first bounce. It was Dr. Adams, who pushed for years for the rule of the “fly ball” until it was adopted.  He also began the standardization of baseball and the modern bat, looking for leather-workers and carpenters who might develop better bats to help his ideas become a reality.

One can argue all that is said about the ancient Egyptians and English students and the absurd promotional artifact of Abner Doubleday, this created in the fantasy of Albert Goodwill Spalding, who led to an alleged Commission Mills, believe that the “inventor” of baseball had been Doubleday. The same way, we proclaim the absolute credit of Alexander J. Cartwright and his notes of the Committee. In fact, when one reads something from a source with authority, the tendency is to believe. Then over the years, this type of narrative is installed by public opinion, and consequently it is very difficult to delete it.

However, one should seriously consider the possibility that Dr. Daniel L. Adams has been one of the most influential individuals  in the “invention” of baseball, although we must be clear that its creation was made by itself. It was a set of things, and came as Dr. Adams, Alex Cartwright and others that were inherent in the development of this wonderful sport that today controls the major leagues (MLB), making it into a multimillion-dollar industry.